Well-being in adolescents with and without visual impairments

Authors

  • Alina Chiracu University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Special Psychopedagogy https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5966-5742
  • Cristian Buică-Belciu University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Special Psychopedagogy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56663/rop.v12i1.57

Keywords:

visual impairment, adolescents, peer attachment, loneliness, secure attachment, self-esteem, well-being

Abstract

The present study has two main objectives. First, to analyze the differences between adolescents with visual impairments and those without visual impairments in terms of peer attachment, loneliness, self-esteem, and well-being. Secondly, to investigate the relationships between these variables among adolescents, starting from the premise that peer attachment is negatively associated with loneliness, which in turn is negatively associated with well-being. At the same time, self-esteem moderates the relationship between peer attachment and well-being. A number of 80 adolescents participated in the study, of which 40 with visual impairments and 40 without visual impairments, aged between 17 and 18 years, M = 17.58, SD = .50. The instruments used were Index of Parents and Peers Attachment, UCLA Loneliness Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. The results showed that, unlike adolescents without visual impairments, those with visual impairments report lower levels of peer attachment, self-esteem and well-being, and higher levels of loneliness. Loneliness also mediates the relationship between peer trust/peer alienation and well-being, and self-esteem moderates the relationship between peer communication and well-being. Possible ways of increasing self-esteem and well-being among adolescents with visual impairments, as well as reducing feeling of loneliness, are discussed. At the same time, intervention models are proposed to improve the well-being of adolescents by implementing psychoeducational programs to increase the level of socialization, alleviate loneliness and increase self-esteem.

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Published

2023-12-22

How to Cite

Chiracu, A., & Buică-Belciu, C. (2023). Well-being in adolescents with and without visual impairments. Review of Psychopedagogy, 12(1), 42–53. https://doi.org/10.56663/rop.v12i1.57