Well-being in adolescents with and without visual impairments


  • Alina Chiracu University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Special Psychopedagogy https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5966-5742
  • Cristian Buică-Belciu University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Special Psychopedagogy




visual impairment, adolescents, peer attachment, loneliness, secure attachment, self-esteem, well-being


The present study has two main objectives. First, to analyze the differences between adolescents with visual impairments and those without visual impairments in terms of peer attachment, loneliness, self-esteem, and well-being. Secondly, to investigate the relationships between these variables among adolescents, starting from the premise that peer attachment is negatively associated with loneliness, which in turn is negatively associated with well-being. At the same time, self-esteem moderates the relationship between peer attachment and well-being. A number of 80 adolescents participated in the study, of which 40 with visual impairments and 40 without visual impairments, aged between 17 and 18 years, M = 17.58, SD = .50. The instruments used were Index of Parents and Peers Attachment, UCLA Loneliness Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. The results showed that, unlike adolescents without visual impairments, those with visual impairments report lower levels of peer attachment, self-esteem and well-being, and higher levels of loneliness. Loneliness also mediates the relationship between peer trust/peer alienation and well-being, and self-esteem moderates the relationship between peer communication and well-being. Possible ways of increasing self-esteem and well-being among adolescents with visual impairments, as well as reducing feeling of loneliness, are discussed. At the same time, intervention models are proposed to improve the well-being of adolescents by implementing psychoeducational programs to increase the level of socialization, alleviate loneliness and increase self-esteem.


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How to Cite

Chiracu, A., & Buică-Belciu, C. (2023). Well-being in adolescents with and without visual impairments. Review of Psychopedagogy, 12(1), 42–53. https://doi.org/10.56663/rop.v12i1.57